One of the most vexing clinical situations happens to be one of the best uses of urodynamics (UDS): ongoing symptoms after female incontinence surgery. These cases are challenging and patients are often not happy to have ongoing symptoms, new symptoms or worsening symptoms; however, appropriately utilized and interpreted, UDS can be key to helping these patients.
Surgical management of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a commonplace procedure, usually indicated on the basis of the clinical history and exam findings alone. In fact, Level I evidence from the VALUE trial suggests that urodynamics (UDS) makes no difference in the outcome of SUI surgery in straightforward cases.1 Nonetheless, in many situations UDS is a critical part of evaluating SUI patients for surgery; moreover, in some instances UDS will spare women surgery that may not be beneficial.2
One clear-cut area where UDS is very helpful is for the patient who has previously undergone surgery for SUI and/or pelvic organ prolapse (POP). These patients may present complex anatomy, obstruction from prior surgery, changes in bladder compliance, and a very high valsalva leak point pressure. UDS may help guide the decision as to what intervention(s) may be necessary in these patients.
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Prior to performing a TURP, there are several key tests that most urologists employ.
Aside from a history, exam, IPSS score, PSA and urinalysis, most will assess residual urine volume, perform a cystoscopy and measure the prostate – either with a formal TRUS, or based on a CT, MRI or abdominal ultrasound. Urodynamic testing (UDS) is used to varying degrees before a TURP by urologists. On one end of the spectrum there are purists who will only offer a TURP to someone with UDS-proven obstruction;